Some simple advice for the upcoming AP Physics 1 Exam….
1. Get a decent night’s sleep
- Don’t stay up late and then go into the room running on low energy. It’s probably too late to cram in more material, and if rested you can think and problem solve more efficiently anyway.
2. Become comfortable with the AP Physics 1 Exam Formula sheet
- a) It lists the formulas and the meaning of all those variables
- b) It has simple tables with things you need to know but may not remember during a “brain freeze”, such as pesky metric prefixes (nano? pico?), or sines/cosines of the usual angles, areas of triangles, symbols for Amperes, values for G, etc.
- c) There are some built-in assumptions (defaults, as it were) listed, such as ignoring air resistance unless specified or that “current” is the direction of the flow of positive (+) charges, etc. Helpful reminders!
- d) You get to use it on both MC and FR/DBQ sections
- e) NOTE: you CANNOT rip the formula page out of the test booklet. You should fold over a corner of it to save time spent flipping back and forth through the test booklet between the formulas and the problem you are working on.
3. Have your supplies ready
- Calculator, pencils, a blue or black pen (or 2?), a straight-edge. Maybe two calculators? If your “low battery” warning has been flashing, replace the batteries. Note that on some calculators replacing the batteries wipes out all the memory, so do this NOW instead of ten minutes before the test.
4. In the AP Physics 1 exam, pace the MC
- You have just over 1 ½ minutes per item, 50 of them in 90 minutes. If an answer seems “too easy”, maybe it is. Read the problem carefully, eliminate some of the answers that you “know” are not right, and pick your best letter. Don’t leave it blank.
5. In the AP Physics 1 Exam FR section, there are 5 questions
- Two of them are slotted to take upwards of 25 minutes. Each. That’s a lot of time! On those you can spend a minute or two to slow down, read the problem, set up mentally your approach, and then get to work. My students complain that their hands hurt by the end of the exam since there is a LOT of writing.
6. SHOW your work!
- Show the formula, do some math, so that the grader can see what you were intending to do. (neat handwriting is apparently becoming a rarity; if the grader can’t read your sloppy scrawl, you won’t earn many points)
7. On any graphs, show “labels” on the axes, and units if the graph has specific data to plot
- The instructions will direct you to do that (if you read them and pay attention!) If the question says to draw and label something, well, draw AND label it.
8. Read over the whole test and see the broad scheme of things
- Hopefully there will be problems that you recognize and think “hey, that is something I know how to do!” Hence, do those problems first! Get the points! (note the suggested time pacing hints). Some years, Problem 5 is actually an easy one, but it has lousy post-exam stats due to the fact that a lot of test-takers never get to the end of the exam in the 90 minutes allotted. If 30% never do it and earn a “zero” on #5 it looks harder than it was supposed to be.
9. If there is a problem that completely baffles you (and, alas, there probably will be one or two)… Slow down
- Read it. Think big thoughts of physics (does this problem involve energy, momentum, rotation, circuits, waves?). Even if the problem seems like nothing you have studied, there is a reason that the College Board put it on AP Physics 1 exam, which means that some parts of the problem can be attacked with the Physics you know already. Don’t panic. Make a sketch. See if something has to be conserved (momentum, charge, current, energy?). Try something.
10. The AP Physics 1 exam often has problems on the FR section with 3-4 parts
- It is possible that you may not be able to do anything on, for example, Part B of problem 4. Keep on reading because often Part C may have something you can do, even if you don’t have anything worthwhile from Part B. It may be a question asking what would happen to the value of Part B (the one you couldn’t figure out) if some other parameter was changed. For example, if the incoming velocity of a cart affected something during a collision, even though you couldn’t do the math in Part B, you know that a bigger velocity would cause something obvious in Part C. State your ignorance about part B but do a solid explanation about the question of Part C and you will get some points otherwise forfeited if you just stop completely. The College Board often give you this “out” to earn points. They are not as evil as the test seems to make them out to be.
11. There are a few things that I can (fingers crossed) state that you will see on the AP Physics 1 exam. Somewhere, in MC, or a problem, but there have been some themes in all the exams I’ve looked at:
- Newton’s Third law always works
- Collisions being elastic vs. inelastic will be in there
- A figure skater spinning and moving his/her arms inwards or outwards, with angular momentum always conserved (but energy is NOT).
- There has always been a FR problem involving waves, and one with circuits, each year
- Some orbital diagram where a planet goes around a star, or a satellite around and planet (Energy is conserved, angular momentum is conserved, speed varies in elliptical.)
- In a circular motion problem, the centripetal force is ALWAYS towards the center (duh, by definition) and if the speed is constant no work is done
- Current into a junction equals current out
So, get some rest, have a little lunch (it is an afternoon exam after all), go in, and do your best. Breathe in, breathe out, mutter things under your breath, but have a go and it will all work out.